domenica, 21 gennaio 2018

Lavoro e diritti

Lavoro e diritti

Sono trascorse poche settimane da quando l’Ufficio Statistiche dell’Unione Europea ha reso pubblici i dati relativi al rilevamento del tasso di occupazione e disoccupazione nell’area della moneta unica e nell’insieme dei 28 Stati Membri...

Introduzione La corruzione è un fenomeno pervasivo e nebuloso che, in generale, non desta allarme sociale e, pertanto, resta sommerso fin quando le indagini non lo fanno venire alla luce. In primo luogo la corruzione ha...

  Il libro di Salvatore Biasco (Regole, Stato, Uguaglianza, ed. LUISS, 2016) non parla solo della crisi intervenuta nel 2007, si presenta come un grande progetto culturale che investe la teoria e la politica economica,...

L'elaborazione, tuttora in corso, è stata iniziata nel 2014. Ulteriori dettagli e una documentazione più ampia possono essere richiesti a uno degli autori, preferibilmente a Maria Luisa Bianco, Bruno Contini o Guido Ortona*. Commenti...

Nowadays, basic income is acclaimed as the main example of a progressive idea of society, free from poverty and exploitation. However, as emerges provocatively by Polanyi and Hayek’s analysis, basic income could easily become an economic policy alternative to full employment. But when unemployment is accepted as a natural order in a situation of unsatisfied basic needs, we are facing a regressive vision of economic system.

Most economists believe that the economic crisis is due to a structural excess of saving on investment. However, if we admit that production decisions follow the effective demand, it is easy to show that S and I are always equal. We suggest instead that crisis is due to the lack of demand that causes a high degree of unused capacity. The resulting sunk costs could be transferred to wages, further reducing demand. So, increasing investment, without raising wages, would worsen the effect of the crisis.

The 2007/2008 financial crisis has destroyed the illusion of who believes that capitalism would be able to reduce inequality within industrialized country. The optimism of post II World War has been demolished by the economic decadency of middle classes in developed countries. It is undeniable that international living standards have been dramatically improved over time. However, the crucial question is if capitalism - as system of production and social relationships - has been able to redistribute more equally its wealth. If yes, is this process due to specific circumstances or due to capitalism nature?

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