sabato, 23 settembre 2017

Industria e Mercati

Industria e Mercati

In education, too, there are “two Italies”: scholastic performance differs sharply between North and South, which besides reflecting differences in the quality of schools, also depends on the family and social contexts from which children come. The disparity in initial opportunities is reflected in employment prospects and in adult social condition and the inequalities in education increase the economic and social gap. Investment in education therefore reduces inequalities, helping to create more opportunities and greater equity.

Investments in building new renewable energy facilities have greatly increased at the expense of “traditional” investments which overall are falling due to the end of a technological-economic model based on mechanics. They can make up for the fall of capital and construct a paradigm to support growth. However this requires an adequate industrial policy because in Italy “there are no globally recognized technological leaders in the key technologies of the renewables”.

The growth of productivity has a positive influence on aggregate demand and, as suggested by the Kaldor-Verdoorn law, growth of demand has a positive effect on productivity. However, this article shows that in cases of stagnant or recessive aggregate demand, to combat the weakening of the economy, the economic literature suggests intervening with expansionary fiscal policies to increase productivity, investment in infrastructure and R&D expenditure.

Although it has now been made clear that European Union law does not make it compulsory to privatize local public services, Italy continues to follow policies of de-nationalization. This involves removing the management of such services from the public administration and increasingly relying on the market as the only efficient form of management. All Italian legislation in the sector of local public services in recent years has thus tended to constantly hinder public management in favor of outsourcing.

In Basilicata oil and gas extraction has been under way for over 20 years; the article aims to analyse the relation of this with the national consumption trends and oil production and the consequences on the local economy and employment, specifically in the area mainly involved in new business ventures in recent years, Val d’Agri. Lastly, the analysis considers the change in demographic structure and the limits of National and local planning.

In Basilicata oil and gas extraction has been under way for over 20 years; the article aims to analyse the relation of this with the national consumption trends and oil production and the consequences on the local economy and employment, specifically in the area mainly involved in new business ventures in recent years, Val d’Agri. Lastly, the analysis considers the change in demographic structure and the limits of National and local planning.

The leading position of Italy’s agro-food sector is threatened because of the Agromafia with the rise of organised crime in the sector. The article shows that criminal activities cause market distortion leading to an increase in prices and a loss of consumer buying power which depresses the economic cycle due to the fall in demand. The agro-food sector should therefore be protected and defended especially because it is capable of attracting large amounts of capital and of triggering processes of constant growth.