Industria e Mercati

Industria e Mercati

Nell’ultimo ventennio, il mercato del lavoro italiano è stato oggetto di una serie di riforme che lo hanno radicalmente trasformato. Dal “Pacchetto Treu” (L. 196/97) alla “Legge Biagi” (2003), fino ad arrivare al Jobs...

1. La capacità di coniugare buona teoria economica, indagini empiriche e sensibilità politica è estremamente preziosa. Ed è anche merce rara soprattutto nel mondo degli economisti. Il Rapporto sulla competitività italiana curato da Riccardo Realfonzo...

The debate about the origin of the North-South divide in Italy usually overlooks the effects of the monetary union achieved in 1862, just after the politic unification. Italy was not an optimum currency area for a low degree of factor mobility and the specialization effects that the common currency generated. In this way, with the Italian monetary unification, North and South have laid the groundwork to diverge.

In the last decades, the mergers and acquisitions among firms have created large oligopolistic concentrations which operate simultaneously in many economic sectors and in different countries. This article describes some of the economic and political problems caused by oligopolies and analyses the role of antitrust in addressing them.

The Council of State, with the judgment no. 2481/2017, decided definitively that the tariff setting methodology for water supply used by the Italian Regulatory Authority for Electricity Gas and Water is formally correct. This decision cancels the result of the second 2011 referendum on public water service out because it says that users have to pay an interest on invested capital. How much they actually have to pay is determined by the market.

Rural development models so far have failed to explain why development stagnates in certain regions. Focusing on Southern Italy, while financial, social, human, and built capital are inadequately developed, the region is rich of natural and cultural capital. We argue that promoting human, natural, social and cultural capital is the best way to foster development in this area.

The 2007/2008 financial crisis has destroyed the illusion of who believes that capitalism would be able to reduce inequality within industrialized country. The optimism of post II World War has been demolished by the economic decadency of middle classes in developed countries. It is undeniable that international living standards have been dramatically improved over time. However, the crucial question is if capitalism - as system of production and social relationships - has been able to redistribute more equally its wealth. If yes, is this process due to specific circumstances or due to capitalism nature?