venerdì, 19 gennaio 2018

Lavoro e diritti

Lavoro e diritti

La proposta di superare l'arbitrarietà dell'aggregazione di indicatori in indici sintetici attraverso la Stochastic Multiobjective Acceptability Analysis (SMAA, Lahdelma et al. 1998; Lahdelma, Salminen, 2001), introdotta su Economia e Politica da Giuliano Resce e da questi...

This paper shows the relation between a composite index of well-being and the lack of trust in the institutions in Italy. The data are taken from the last round of voting for the constitutional referendum in December 2016, and the last version of BES, that is a well-being indicator of ISTAT. From a methodological perspective the composite index of well-being is esteem of Stochastic Multiobjective Acceptability Analysis. The results show a generalized spatial segregation, and a North-South divide that involves all the aspect of life included in the BES, as well as the share people voting ‘yes’ in the 4th December referendum.

Austerity policies have been presented as the only paradigm able to solve the current economic crisis. This paper will try to show that neoclassical theories on unemployment are not supported by solid empirical evidence. The case study of Great Britain during the Great Depression to prove that (i) unemployment is not voluntary and (ii) public subsidies do not increase opportunistic behaviours.

In education, too, there are “two Italies”: scholastic performance differs sharply between North and South, which besides reflecting differences in the quality of schools, also depends on the family and social contexts from which children come. The disparity in initial opportunities is reflected in employment prospects and in adult social condition and the inequalities in education increase the economic and social gap. Investment in education therefore reduces inequalities, helping to create more opportunities and greater equity.

In the Mediterranean model, pensions are doubly important: for the person who is entitled and for his family. Systematically weakening them, or not protecting them, means undermining social policies in their entirety. Specifically, the article examines the Italian case, where pensioners have a central function and indirectly take on the role of compensating for the gaps in protection and address the shortcomings of the welfare system.

The crisis is persisting in Europe; deflation, stagnation and the drop in industrial production dominate in various countries: less money to spend, lower consumption, fewer imports. This is the situation in Italy, as analyzed in the article; it has achieved an improvement in current account balances due to a loss of wealth caused by austerity, while a country like Germany continues to show a favorable balance of trade.